During the nine months of pregnancy it is possible that vaginal discharge may occur: what they can mean, depending on their color and the age in which they occur. One of the most recurring concerns of pregnant women is represented by pregnancy losses . Any anomaly or change sounds like an alarm signal and is welcomed with concern. It should be remembered that during pregnancy the vaginal discharge is quite frequent , and depends on several factors. In most cases they should not cause concern, but sometimes they can be a sign that something is not going right, and the cause must be promptly investigated.


So how to recognize the “red alert” losses from the normal ones? First of all it depends on their color . The red losses , so live blood, must always be reported to a doctor. The white losses, on the other hand, are very frequent and absolutely normal. Another element to consider is then the gestational age in which the losses occur: in the first trimester of pregnancy it is normal to observe vaginal discharge, while in the second or third trimester, if the pregnancy is physiological, the losses should not be a phenomenon frequent. Finally, not to be overlooked are any related symptoms, such as abdominal cramps or uterine contractions, or itching or burning, which could indicate the presence of an infection .


About two weeks after conception, shortly before the presumed period of menstruation, slight brownish blood loss can be observed. Not all women feel them, but they can be considered as one of the first  symptoms of getting pregnant after nexplanon removal. The plant losses are brown and not abundant, and are not accompanied by abdominal pains. These losses are due to the embryo implantation on the uterine wall: the losses are brown (or pink) because the blood is not alive, but is due to the rupture of the endometrial capillaries.


The Pink loss during pregnancy are themselves quite common and can be caused by the dilation of the cervix, small abrasions or friction during sexual intercourse . The appearance of pinkish bloodstains with no other symptoms is also due to the fact that, during pregnancy, the woman’s genitals change: more blood converges on them, and the likelihood of slight losses occurs.


When the spots are reddish, dark or light, there is a real loss of blood : in this case we must always investigate the cause promptly, especially if there are cramps or abdominal pain associated with the losses: it is always advisable to contact to a hospital to rule out any pregnancy complications. It can be a  threat of abortion , detachment of the placenta or premature labor. It could also be the signal with which an extrauterine pregnancy occurs. In the presence of red leaks , particularly in the second and third trimesters, you should always consult a doctor.


The white losses in pregnancy are almost physiological, that is, they represent a completely normal event, which should not cause concern. They are not usually accompanied by cramps or pain in the belly and are due to hormonal changes  that affect pregnancy. If the losses are particularly abundant, they happen frequently and are smelly they should not be neglected. The white losses during pregnancy are called ” leucorrhoeagravidica “, a physiological state of gestation, also due to uterine movements and contractions, especially starting from the second trimester. In the case of whitish losses during pregnancy, attention must be paid to their density and quantity: if they are particularly liquid and abundant, it could be the breaking of the water , which is easily recognizable.


During pregnancy the increase in body weight and the increase in volume of the uterus that grows with the fetus, together with hormonal changes and increased blood pressure, contribute to giving a feeling of swelling , which can be spread or localized in some areas of the body. The swelling in pregnancy tends to occur more in the evening and increases as pregnancy advances, the increase in volume of the stomach and of disorders associated with pregnancy. Many women feel swelling in the legs , ankles, feet and hands, and in some cases even in the face. If the swelling is not associated with other disorders it can be considered completely normal, but if the accumulation of excess liquids becomes evident, it is good to investigate the causes.


As mentioned, during pregnancy the body is subjected to numerous changes , which lead to feeling an increasing heaviness, also increasing the woman’s feeling of tiredness. Metabolism is “slowed down”, hormonal changes (above all the action of progesterone ) and changes to internal organs cause some disturbances, such as burning, gastritis, constipation and water retention, in the gastrointestinal system. Despite being a completely normal condition, swelling can cause the woman a great discomfort , making it more difficult to carry out normal daily activities. Rarely, however, swelling can be the symptom of potentially dangerous conditions, which must therefore be recognized. This is the case of preeclampsia , also known as gestosis , a disorder also caused by the malfunctioning of the placenta , which weakens the blood circulation and endangers the health of women and the fetus. Preeclampsia occurs precisely with edema (fluid accumulation), with the presence of protein in the urine and with hypertension. Even excessive weight gain during pregnancy can increase swelling: remember that the recommended weight increase should not exceed 7-13 kg at the end of gestation.


If the causes of swelling during pregnancy are not pathological but physiological (that is, if the pregnancy is proceeding without complications) it is possible to mitigate the discomfort with some easily accessible natural remedies, and following some simple tricks: drink plenty of water : natural water is a formidable ally during pregnancy. Helps expel toxins and keeps the woman hydrated. The advice is to drink at least 1.5 liters a day, better if it reaches 2 liters . do foot and leg massages with oils and moisturizing creams, to reactivate the circulation and alleviate the feeling of bloating wear comfortable clothes and do not sit too long to encourage circulation do not drink carbonated beverages: if natural water is good for you, on the contrary sugary and carbonated drinks can increase the sensation of bloating, such as the risk of developing gestational diabetes . practicing physical activity : always with the doctor’s permission, it is very useful to continue to practice moderate physical activity throughout the pregnancy. The movement (even a good daily walk, but also swimming or aquagym) helps to reduce the feeling of swelling and increases the general well-being.

reduce salt consumption : as you know salt increases water retention, so it is advisable (and not only in pregnancy) not to overdo it in its consumption. Some natural remedies used in phytotherapy are also useful to alleviate the swelling of the body during pregnancy, but before taking them it is always advisable to seek expert advice. If the swelling does not diminish, if edema appears on the body and other symptoms such as hypertension are observed, it is a good idea to seek the advice of your doctor promptly , as, as we have seen, they could be the signs of preeclampsia.



The biochemical pregnancy is an event that occurs frequently and, although psychologically painful and difficult to handle, does not have important implications on the health of the woman or their future ability to conceive and become a mother. This is a condition that occurs very shortly after the menstrual cycle has arrived in the presence of a positive pregnancy test . In essence, it is a real spontaneous abortion that occurs in a very short period of time between the execution of the test, the positive response and the onset of menstruation . But let’s try to understand more deeply what it is, what are the causes and above all the consequences of a biochemical pregnancy.


The first question that could be asked is why biochemical pregnancy is called that and what exactly is meant by this expression. Being a pregnancy that is interrupted very soon, the only trace that leaves of itself is the positive result of the biochemical test that detects the beta-HCG hormone , the one that the woman’s body produces from the first days of pregnancy and that begins to circulate immediately in the blood. However, the test result could not be confirmed by an echographiccheck  since neither the embryo nor the gestational chamber would be visible. We have said that it is, in fact, a very early abortion that in most cases occurs before the fifth week of pregnancy . In some circumstances, if the test is not performed, the woman may not notice it at all.


Just like in any other case of spontaneous abortion, even for biochemical pregnancy the causes of early termination of pregnancy can be attributed to anatomical (uterus) or chromosomal (fetus) abnormalities , and more precisely:

gametes genetic anomalies;

malformations of the uterus;

chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus or implant defects;

bad habits and incorrect lifestyles of the parents ( smoking , stress, alcohol, etc); infections.

Keep in mind that biochemical pregnancy, in fact, consists of a lack of embryonic implantation , or a condition in which the embryo stops developing after a very short time after its formation.


Biochemical pregnancy is a more common phenomenon than one can imagine. Unfortunately, however, the symptomatology is really scarce and often the woman does not notice her own state unless carrying out a pregnancy test . However, this happens in quite rare cases, more easily in the presence of extremely regular menstrual cycles which arouse the suspicion of a pregnancy from the very first days of delay . In general, very slight pains can occur (abdominal muscle spasms, reddish blood loss, back pain) and just mentioned, which the woman tends to impute to the imminent arrival of menstruation . For this reason the biochemical pregnancy often goes unnoticed, and only in some women its recurrence can manifest itself through a menstrual cycle more abundant than normal and rich in clots .


The first thing to remember is that biochemical pregnancy has no consequences on a woman’s fertility , let alone on her ability to successfully complete another pregnancy. It does not represent an obstacle to conception and should not be considered a pathological condition up to other medical evidence. For these reasons, if one realizes that one has experienced a biochemical pregnancy, there is no need to be alarmed or do anything in particular. The only foresight that could be observed is to periodically monitor hormone levels with simple dosages, so as to exclude the risk of complications or extra-uterine pregnancies . If the consequences of a biochemical pregnancy are practically nil on the woman’s body, a separate discussion should be made for the emotional and psychological repercussions that can be left behind. In particular, if the aspiring mother is looking for a pregnancy for some time or is following an assisted fertilization process with her partner, this condition can be very painful and require psychological support to help leave behind disappointment and displeasure .

Continue Reading